open access

Abstract

Introduction : Low Back Pain is a feeling of pain in the lower back. Several factors can cause Low Back Pain complaints, namely individual factors: sex, and occupational factors: work posture and length of work per day. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the Ergonomic Risk of Shuttlecock Workers and the occurrence of Low Back Pain.

Methods : Correlation study design with a cross sectional approach was carried out on April 23-25, 2018 with a population of 89 respondents who met the inclusion criteria of 71 respondents with a sampling technique of Proportinate Stratified Random Sampling. Independent variables of Shuttlecock Worker Ergonomic Risk with REBA Observation and Dependent Variable Low Back Pain occurrence with Nordic Body Map (NBM) questionnaire. Data were analyzed by spearman rank test with a significance of α = 0.05.

Result : The results of the study showed that of 71 respondents, the majority of them were 45 respondents (63.4%) had moderate risk of ergonomics. Most of the 36 respondents (50.7%) had complaints of low back pain with moderate complaints. The results obtained ρ value 0,030 ≤ α 0,05, so Ha is accepted. This shows that there is a relationship between the risk of ergonomics of shuttlecock workers and the occurrence of low back pain in Sumengko Village, Sukomoro District, Nganjuk Regency.

Conclusion : Shuttlecock worker working posture is proven as a factor in the occurrence of low back pain complaints, working with awkward work postures such as sitting and standing bent can cause complaints of pain in muscles and bones.

Keywords: Ergonomics, Low Back Pain, Shuttlecock